When is the right time for a woman to get pregnant after her period
Pregnancy and the birth of a baby can evoke varying reactions in people, ranging from joy and anticipation to horror and fear. This is mostly dependent on the timing of the pregnancy — some women may be financially and personally comfortable enough to take on the responsibility of having a child, while some women might prefer to wait a while before embracing parenthood. Here, we discuss what the chances are of you getting pregnant any time before, during, or after your periods. To do this, the sperm cell must swim up from the vagina and into the fallopian tube via the cervix.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Can you get pregnant while on your period? - Pandia Health
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Understanding a Woman's Fertility CycleContent:
Chances of Pregnancy Before, During and After Periods
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Getting pregnant conception happens when a man's sperm fertilises a woman's egg. For some women this happens quickly, but for others it can take longer. Out of every couples trying for a baby, 80 to 90 will get pregnant within 1 year. The rest will take longer, or may need help to conceive. To understand conception and pregnancy, it helps to know about the male and female sexual organs, and to understand how a woman's monthly menstrual cycle and periods work.
The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of a woman's period day 1. Some time after her period she will ovulate, and then around days after this she'll have her next period. The average cycle takes 28 days, but shorter or longer cycles are normal.
You're most likely to get pregnant if you have sex within a day or so of ovulation releasing an egg from the ovary. This is usually about 14 days after the first day of your last period , if your cycle is around 28 days long.
An egg lives for about hours after being released. For pregnancy to happen, the egg must be fertilised by a sperm within this time. Sperm can live for up to 7 days inside a woman's body. So if you've had sex in the days before ovulation, the sperm will have had time to travel up the fallopian tubes to "wait" for the egg to be released. It's difficult to know exactly when ovulation happens, unless you are practising natural family planning , or fertility awareness.
If you want to get pregnant, having sex every 2 to 3 days throughout the month will give you the best chance. The penis : this is made of sponge-like erectile tissue that becomes hard when filled with blood. Testes : men have two testes testicles , which are glands where sperm are made and stored.
Scrotum : this is a bag of skin outside the body beneath the penis. It contains the testes and helps to keep them at a constant temperature just below body temperature. When it's warm, the scrotum hangs down, away from the body, to help keep the testes cool.
When it's cold, the scrotum draws up, closer to the body for warmth. Vas deferens : these are two tubes that carry sperm from the testes to the prostate and other glands. Prostate gland : this gland produces secretions that are ejaculated with the sperm.
Urethra : this is a tube that runs down the length of the penis from the bladder, through the prostate gland to an opening at the tip of the penis. Sperm travel down this tube to be ejaculated. A woman's reproductive system is made up of both external and internal organs.
The external organs are known as the vulva. This includes the opening of the vagina, the inner and outer lips labia and the clitoris. The pelvis : this is the bony structure around the hip area, which the baby will pass through when he or she is born. Womb or uterus : the womb is about the size and shape of a small, upside-down pear.
It's made of muscle and grows in size as the baby grows inside it. Fallopian tubes : these lead from the ovaries to the womb. Eggs are released from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes each month, and this is where fertilisation takes place. Ovaries : there are 2 ovaries, each about the size of an almond; they produce the eggs, or ova. Cervix : this is the neck of the womb. It's normally almost closed, with just a small opening through which blood passes during the monthly period. During labour, the cervix dilates opens to let the baby move from the uterus into the vagina.
Vagina : the vagina is a tube about 3 inches 8cm long, which leads from the cervix down to the vulva, where it opens between the legs. The vagina is very elastic, so it can easily stretch around a man's penis, or around a baby during labour. Ovulation occurs each month when an egg is released from one of the ovaries.
Occasionally, more than one egg is released, usually within 24 hours of the first egg. At the same time, the lining of the womb begins to thicken and the mucus in the cervix becomes thinner, so that sperm can swim through it more easily. The egg begins to travel slowly down the fallopian tube. The egg may be fertilised here if there is sperm in the fallopian tube. The lining of the womb is now thick enough for the egg to be implanted in it after it has been fertilised.
If the egg is not fertilised, it passes out of the body during the woman's monthly period, along with the lining of the womb. The egg is so small that it cannot be seen. Hormones are chemicals that circulate in the blood of both men and women. They carry messages to different parts of the body, regulating certain activities and causing certain changes to take place.
The female hormones, which include oestrogen and progesterone, control many of the events of a woman's monthly cycle, such as the release of the egg from the ovary and the thickening of the womb lining. During pregnancy, your hormone levels change.
As soon as you have conceived, the amount of oestrogen and progesterone in your blood increases. This causes the womb lining to build up, the blood supply to your womb and breasts to increase, and the muscles of your womb to relax to make room for the growing baby. The increased hormone levels can affect how you feel.
You may have mood swings, feel tearful or be easily irritated. For a while, you may feel that you can't control your emotions, but these symptoms should ease after the first 3 months of your pregnancy.
Both the man's sperm and the woman's egg play a part in determining the gender of a baby. Every normal human cell contains 46 chromosomes 23 pairs , except for the male sperm and female eggs. They contain 23 chromosomes each. Chromosomes are tiny threadlike structures that each carry about 2, genes. Genes determine a baby's inherited characteristics, such as hair and eye colour, blood group, height and build.
A fertilised egg contains 1 sex chromosome from its mother and 1 from its father. The sex chromosome from the mother's egg is always the same and is known as the X chromosome, but the sex chromosome from the father's sperm may be an X or a Y chromosome.
If the egg is fertilised by a sperm containing an X chromosome, the baby will be a girl XX. If the sperm contains a Y chromosome, the baby will be a boy XY. Find out about early signs of pregnancy , and where to get help if you're having problems getting pregnant.
If you've decided to have a baby, you and your partner should make sure you're both as healthy as possible. This includes:. You should also know about the risks of alcohol in pregnancy.
You can find pregnancy and baby apps and tools in the NHS apps library. Page last reviewed: 23 January Next review due: 23 January Trying to get pregnant - Your pregnancy and baby guide Secondary navigation Getting pregnant Secrets to success Healthy diet Planning: things to think about Foods to avoid Alcohol Keep to a healthy weight Vitamins and supplements Exercise.
When you can get pregnant Signs and symptoms When you can take a test Finding out. Help if you're not getting pregnant Fertility tests Fertility treatments.
Pregnancy and coronavirus Work out your due date When pregnancy goes wrong Sign up for weekly pregnancy emails. Early days Your NHS pregnancy journey Signs and symptoms of pregnancy Health things you should know Due date calculator Your first midwife appointment.
Pregnancy antenatal care with twins Pregnant with twins Healthy multiple pregnancy Getting ready for twins. Where to give birth: your options Antenatal classes Make and save your birth plan Pack your bag for birth. Due date calculator. Routine checks and tests Screening for Down's syndrome Checks for abnormalities week scan week scan Ultrasound scans If screening finds something.
What is antenatal care Your antenatal appointments Who's who in the antenatal team. The flu jab Whooping cough Can I have vaccinations in pregnancy? Healthy eating Foods to avoid Drinking alcohol while pregnant Exercise Vitamins and supplements Stop smoking Your baby's movements Sex in pregnancy Pharmacy and prescription medicines Reduce your risk of stillbirth Illegal drugs in pregnancy Your health at work Pregnancy infections Travel If you're a teenager.
Overweight and pregnant Mental health problems Diabetes in pregnancy Asthma and pregnancy Epilepsy and pregnancy Coronary heart disease and pregnancy Congenital heart disease and pregnancy.
Hyperemesis gravidarum Pre-eclampsia Gestational diabetes Obstetric cholestasis. Pregnancy and coronavirus Work out your due date Make and save your birth plan Maternity and paternity benefits Print your to-do list When pregnancy goes wrong.
The start of labour Signs of labour What happens when you arrive at hospital Premature labour Induction. What happens during labour and birth Forceps and ventouse delivery Pain relief Episiotomy What your birth partner can do Breech and transverse birth Caesarean Giving birth to twins What happens straight after the baby is born You after the birth Getting to know your newborn. Feelings and relationships Dads and partners If you have a chronic condition When pregnancy goes wrong.
Premature or ill babies Premature baby: mum's story Premature baby: dad's story. Pregnancy and coronavirus Make your birth plan. How to breastfeed Breastfeeding: the first few days Breastfeeding FAQs Breastfeeding positions and latch Benefits of breastfeeding Help and support Breastfeeding in public Expressing breast milk Breastfeeding a premature baby When to stop breastfeeding. Common breastfeeding problems Breastfeeding and thrush Breastfeeding and tongue tie Is my baby getting enough milk?
Help for sore nipples Breast pain while breastfeeding. Breastfeeding and diet Breastfeeding and medicines Breastfeeding and smoking Breastfeeding and alcohol Going back to work. Bottle feeding advice Sterilising bottles Combining breast and bottle Making up infant formula Types of infant formula Infant formula: common questions.
Newborn blood spot test Newborn hearing test Newborn physical examination.
When Is the Best Time to Have Sex to Get Pregnant?
After all, nature gives us a brief window each month to conceive. While it's possible to get pregnant any day of the month due to fluctuations in your cycle , you're much more likely to score a fertilized egg and get the good news that you're expecting if you work with your body's regular reproductive rhythm. Wondering when it's the best time to get pregnant?
To optimize women's fertility, taking better care of their bodies is a good first step. But what else can women do to improve their odds of having a baby? The most important advice for a woman who wants to get pregnant is to get to know her body, specifically her menstrual cycle, said Dr. Mary Ellen Pavone, a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist and medical director of the in-vitro fertilization program at Northwestern Medicine's Fertility and Reproductive Medicine department in Chicago. A woman who wants to have a baby should monitor whether the first days of her periods tend to come the same number of days apart every month, which is considered regular.
When and How Often to Have Sex to Get Pregnant
A lot of advice on when to conceive focuses on timing sex around your ovulation dates. However, one of the best ways to increase your chances of conceiving is to have regular sex throughout your menstrual cycle. This will mean there is always sperm waiting to meet the egg when it is released. If sperm are not ejaculated frequently, but held back in a man's tubes for more than about three days, the quality greatly deteriorates. You do not have to have sex every day, or on a particular day of the cycle. Sperm can survive and remain fertile for around 5 days, and the egg can be fertilised for up to 24 hours after ovulation. Find out more about how to get pregnant. The danger of waiting until close to ovulation is that the sperm will not have time to get there before the egg disintegrates. Although you can use an ovulation calculator to work out when to have sex, the best conception tip is to continue to have sex regularly in between the times suggested by the conception calculator as well as during them.
When is the best time to get pregnant
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. If you are trying for a baby, to increase your chances of conceiving, it helps to know when you are at your most fertile, and when is the best time to have sex. The chance of you becoming pregnant is greatest if you have sex during the two days leading up to or on the day of ovulation. To work out your ovulation day, you need to know how many days there are in your menstrual cycle.
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Getting pregnant conception happens when a man's sperm fertilises a woman's egg. For some women this happens quickly, but for others it can take longer.
How soon after your period can you get pregnant?
Having sex intercourse during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation.
Back to Pregnancy. Yes, although it's not very likely. If you have sex without using contraception, you can conceive get pregnant at any time during your menstrual cycle, even during or just after your period. You can also get pregnant if you have never had a period before, during your first period, or after the first time you have sex. There's no "safe" time of the month when you can have sex without contraception and not risk becoming pregnant. But there are times in your menstrual cycle when you're at your most fertile, and this is when you're most likely to conceive.
Trying to Conceive: 10 Tips for Women
If you want to get pregnant faster , you might be interested in knowing when you should have sex, how frequently to have sex, and whether there are factors that can increase or decrease your chances of becoming pregnant. It is important to know that you can get pregnant at any time during your menstrual cycle, even if you are having your period. While unprotected sex doesn't lead to pregnancy every time, you can become pregnant if you have sex just one time. In general, fertility declines with age, and teenagers are far more likely to become pregnant with only one or a few sexual encounters than older women are. If you have sex often enough, and if you are not urgently trying to get pregnant, working on strategizing the timing of sex may not be necessary. But knowing the best time to have sex can help you if you want to get pregnant soon.