What does an inguinal hernia look like on a woman
When Fergie sang about "lovely lady lumps," she certainly wasn't talking about hernias. But that's exactly what they are def not lovely tho —little bulges that occur when an internal organ pushes through the wall of muscle or tissue surrounding it, says Mary Ann Hopkins, M. But left untreated, certain hernias can lead to discomfort, pain, and more dangerous conditions like intestinal blockages and even gangrene. Like we said: Hernias occur when your an internal organ busts through its protective layer of tissue and muscle.
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Inguinal Hernia Symptoms and Surgical Repair, Dr. Hadley WessonContent:
What Is a Hernia?
If you do not have an inguinal hernia, see information on common types of hernias. These include incisional, epigastric, and umbilical hernias in children and adults. An inguinal hernia say "IN-gwuh-nul HER-nee-uh" occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in your groin muscle.
This causes a bulge in the groin or scrotum. The bulge may hurt or burn. Most inguinal hernias happen because an opening in the muscle wall does not close as it should before birth. That leaves a weak area in the belly muscle. Pressure on that area can cause tissue to push through and bulge out. A hernia can occur soon after birth or much later in life. You are more likely to get a hernia if you are overweight or you do a lot of lifting, coughing, or straining.
Hernias are more common in men. The main symptom of an inguinal hernia is a bulge in the groin or scrotum. It often feels like a round lump. The bulge may form over a period of weeks or months.
Or it may appear all of a sudden after you have been lifting heavy weights, coughing, bending, straining, or laughing. The hernia may be painful, but some hernias cause a bulge without pain. A hernia also may cause swelling and a feeling of heaviness, tugging, or burning in the area of the hernia. These symptoms may get better when you lie down.
Sudden pain, nausea, and vomiting are signs that a part of your intestine may have become trapped in the hernia. Call your doctor immediately if you have a hernia and have these symptoms. A doctor can usually know if you have a hernia based on your symptoms and a physical exam.
The bulge is usually easy to feel. Hernias don't go away on their own. Only surgery can repair one. But if yours doesn't bother you and it causes no problems, you may not need to treat it right now. Many people with hernias have surgery to repair them when more symptoms develop.
It is very uncommon for a hernia to become strangulated , a serious problem that happens when part of your intestine gets trapped inside the hernia. Strangulation needs surgery right away, although the condition is rare in adults. Some people wait to have surgery. Waiting to have surgery does not increase the chance that part of your intestine or belly tissue will get stuck in your hernia.
Waiting will also not increase your risk for problems, if you decide to have surgery later. Hernias in babies and young children can be more dangerous and generally need to be repaired with surgery right away because of the increased risk of incarceration and strangulation. A hernia may come back after surgery. To reduce the chance that this will happen, stay at a healthy weight. Do not smoke, avoid heavy lifting, and try not to push hard when you have a bowel movement or pass urine. Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Inguinal hernias, which occur when tissue bulges through the abdominal belly muscles and into the groin, are caused by:. Conditions that increase pressure within the abdominal cavity, such as frequent coughing or being overweight, may contribute to the development of hernias. A femoral hernia, sometimes mistaken for an inguinal hernia, occurs when tissue bulges from the lower abdomen into the upper thigh, just below the groin crease.
The cause of a femoral hernia is often difficult to determine. If you do not have an inguinal hernia, you may have one of the other common types of hernia.
Symptoms of an inguinal hernia may include:. You may have sudden pain, nausea, and vomiting if part of the intestine becomes trapped strangulated in the hernia. In infants, a hernia may bulge when the child cries or moves around. Strangulated hernias, in which part of the intestine becomes trapped in the hernia, are more common in infants and children than in adults.
They can cause nausea and vomiting and severe pain. An infant with a strangulated hernia may cry and refuse to eat. A strangulated hernia is a medical emergency that requires immediate surgery. Inguinal hernias typically flatten or disappear when they are pushed gently back into place or when you lie down. Over time, hernias tend to increase in size as the abdominal muscle wall becomes weaker and more tissue bulges through. If you can't push your hernia back into your belly, it is incarcerated.
A hernia gets incarcerated when tissue moves into the sac of the hernia and fills it up. This is not necessarily an emergency. But if a loop of the intestine is trapped very tightly in the hernia, the blood supply to that part of the intestine can be cut off strangulated , causing tissue to die. In a man, if tissue is trapped, the testicle and its blood vessels can also be damaged.
In adults, a hernia that can be pushed back into the abdomen can be surgically repaired at a convenient time. This is because strangulation is rare in adults. A hernia that cannot be pushed back can be repaired when surgery is convenient unless you have increased pain, redness of the overlying skin, fever, nausea and vomiting, or abdominal bloating.
If any of these symptoms occur, the hernia may need to be fixed sooner. Inguinal hernias can come back after surgical repair. But in women it is rare for inguinal hernias to recur. Infants or children with an inguinal hernia need to have surgery as soon as possible because of the increased risk that a part of the intestine will become trapped and blood supply will be cut off, leading to tissue death. Incarceration, when intestinal or abdominal tissue fills up the sac of a hernia, occurs in about 2 or 3 out of 10 infants younger than 6 months who have hernias.
Most incarcerated hernias occur before the infant is 1 year old. Many things can increase your risk for having an inguinal hernia. In children, risk factors for inguinal hernia include:.
Call a doctor immediately if:. Talk with your doctor before wearing a corset or truss for a hernia. These devices are not recommended for treating hernias and sometimes can do more harm than good. Watchful waiting is a period of time during which you and your doctor observe your symptoms or condition but you do not receive medical treatment. If you are not sure whether you have groin muscle strain or a hernia, watchful waiting with home treatment for 1 to 2 weeks is appropriate.
If you have pain that is increasing or severe, an obvious lump, or evidence of bowel blockage or urinary symptoms, call your doctor for an evaluation. Watchful waiting is not appropriate for infants and children who have inguinal hernias. You and your doctor can decide whether you should have surgery to fix your hernia or if you can wait. If your hernia does not bother you, you can probably wait to have surgery. The following health professionals can diagnose an inguinal hernia:.
A general surgeon or pediatric surgeon with experience in inguinal hernia repair will be needed to perform hernia repair surgery. The diagnosis of inguinal hernia is usually based on your medical history and a physical exam. Tests such as ultrasound and CT scans are not usually needed to diagnose an inguinal hernia. In most cases, a doctor can identify an inguinal hernia during a physical exam.
If surgery is planned, other tests may be needed to evaluate the status of any current health problems, such as lung, heart, or bleeding problems. Hernia repair is one of the most common surgeries done in the United States. About , people have hernia repairs each year. It is very uncommon for a hernia to become strangulated. This happens when a loop of intestine is trapped tightly in a hernia and the blood supply is cut off, which kills the tissue.
In a child, a hernia that is incarcerated may be pushed back into the abdomen by a doctor. But surgery is still needed because of the increased risk of strangulation.
A surgeon's experience plays an important role in the risk of a hernia recurring. If you are thinking about having hernia surgery, ask the surgeon how many of these surgeries he or she has done and about his or her recurrence rates. Recurrence rates for adults tend to be higher for surgeries that do not use mesh a synthetic patch. Some people with other medical conditions may choose not to have surgery or may not be able to have hernia surgery.
Most inguinal hernias cannot be prevented, especially in infants and children. Adults may be able to prevent a few hernias or prevent a hernia from recurring by following some of these suggestions:. Surgery has generally been recommended for all inguinal hernias to avoid complications such as strangulation, in which a loop of intestine becomes tightly trapped in a hernia, cutting off the blood supply to that part of the intestine.
If a hernia in an adult can be pushed back reduced , surgery can be done at the person's convenience. If it cannot be pushed back, surgery must be done sooner. But surgery may not be needed if the hernia is small and you do not have symptoms. Consult with your doctor to decide if you need hernia repair surgery. In most cases, a child with an inguinal hernia will need surgery to correct it.
How Hernias Present in Women
Find out about the most common hernias in men and women and treatment options that work best for each sex. But other types of hernias are actually more common in women, while still others occur at similar rates in men and women. Hernias occur when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the wall of muscle that's holding it in.
Jump to content. A hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through the wall of muscle that encircles it. There are a few different types of hernias that can occur in the area of the groin. For more information on inguinal and femoral hernias, and the symptoms and treatment methods associated with these hernias, please see below.
The Differences Between Hernias in Men Versus Women
Hernias are relatively common and can afflict anyone. But how do you know if you have one? Hernias can be caused by a variety of circumstances. You might get one because of muscle weakness, straining from heavy lifting or a previous injury. When you get a hernia, an organ or fatty tissue protrudes through the wall of the cavity in which it is contained, typically in the abdomen. Here is a list of the most common types of hernias:. If the wall through which the intestine is protruding closes shut, it can cause a strangulated hernia, which cuts off blood flow to the bowel. This condition requires emergency surgery.
Hernias as a Cause of Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women
A sports hernia in women can go undiagnosed for months, or even years. A hernia occurs when an area in the abdominal wall becomes thin, weak, or separated, allowing the internal organs, such as the small intestines, to push through. The hernia may cause bearable bouts of severe abdominal and pelvic pain. The symptoms of hernias in women are quite different from those experienced by men. One difference is the location.
Chronic pelvic pain in women due to hernias may be misdiagnosed by practicing clinicians. These fascial defects, their symptoms, physical findings, and proper treatment must be known in order to help women experiencing this form of chronic pelvic pain. All procedures were performed by the primary author using standard laparoscopic tension-free mesh techniques. The study included patients referred to a chronic pelvic pain clinic, who underwent laparoscopic surgical repairs of hernial defects.
A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally contains it. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips. Inguinal and femoral hernias are due to weakened muscles that may have been present since birth, or are associated with aging and repeated strains on the abdominal and groin areas. Such strain may come from physical exertion, obesity, pregnancy, frequent coughing, or straining on the toilet due to constipation.
Back to Health A to Z. In many cases, it causes no or very few symptoms, although you may notice a swelling or lump in your tummy abdomen or groin. The lump can often be pushed back in or disappears when you lie down. Coughing or straining may make the lump appear. It's often associated with ageing and repeated strain on the tummy.
If you do not have an inguinal hernia, see information on common types of hernias. These include incisional, epigastric, and umbilical hernias in children and adults. An inguinal hernia say "IN-gwuh-nul HER-nee-uh" occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in your groin muscle. This causes a bulge in the groin or scrotum. The bulge may hurt or burn. Most inguinal hernias happen because an opening in the muscle wall does not close as it should before birth. That leaves a weak area in the belly muscle.
Inguinal hernias occur when part of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity omentum or intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdomen — often along the inguinal canal, which carries the spermatic cord in men. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object.
Signs you might have a hernia
An inguinal hernia occurs in the abdomen near the groin area. They develop when fatty or intestinal tissues push through a weakness in the abdominal wall near the right or left inguinal canal. Each inguinal canal resides at the base of the abdomen.