Male victims of domestic violence wiki
Gender violence , also known as gender-based violence or gendered violence , is the term used to denote harm inflicted upon individuals and groups that is connected to normative understandings of their gender. Activities heavily associated with violence are overwhelmingly shaped by understandings of gender and gender roles. War , for example, in contemporary understandings is divided between civilian and combatants with a general understanding that men make up the vast majority of combatants and women and young children the majority of civilians. In cases like the Srebenica massacre , in which 8, men and male children were killed, the basis of their murder was a gendered understanding that they had the potential of being, or becoming combatants in the Bosnian war. In discussing gender and violence at regional levels, the experiences of people who exist in transition between spaces or who are not counted within regional data can potentially be omitted from this discussion; these include displaced persons, people seeking asylum and refugees.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Shamed into silence: The hidden victims of male 'honour' abuse - BBC Newsnight
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Men Suffer Domestic Violence TooContent:
Category talk:Violence against men
Domestic violence in India includes any form of violence suffered by a person from a biological relative, but typically is the violence suffered by a woman by male members of her family or relatives. The National Crime Records Bureau report of India states a reported crime rate of 46 per ,, rape rate of 2 per ,, dowry homicide rate of 0. There are several domestic violence laws in India. The earliest law was the Dowry Prohibition Act which made the act of giving and receiving dowry a crime.
In an effort to bolster the law, two new sections, Section A and Section B were introduced into the Indian Penal Code in and The PWDVA, a civil law, includes physical, emotional, sexual, verbal, and economic abuse as domestic violence.
Domestic violence, or intimate partner violence IPV as it is sometimes called, is a worldwide problem. A study examined the prevalence and characteristics of domestic abuse in five districts of northern India during — According to Section 3 of the Act, "any act, omission or commission or conduct of the respondent shall constitute domestic violence in case it: .
The National Family Health Survey of India in estimated the lifetime prevalence of sexual violence among women aged 15—49, including instances of marital rape in India. The study included in its definition of "sexual violence" all instances of a woman experiencing her husband "physically forcing her to have sexual intercourse with him even when she did not want to; and, forcing her to perform any sexual acts she did not want to".
The credibility of the Report is in question as it is not clear which section of the society was interviewed. As the same report suggests that domestic abuse against women in poorer families was far higher than the middle or upper class.
Physical injury is the most visible form of domestic violence. Emotional abuse has been gaining more and more recognition in recent years as an incredibly common form of domestic violence and therefore a human rights abuse within the private home throughout developing nations such as India.
Psychological abuse can erode a woman's sense of self-worth and can be incredibly harmful to overall mental and physical wellbeing. Women who experience domestic violence overwhelmingly tend to have greater overall emotional distress, as well as disturbingly high occurrences of suicidal thoughts and attempts. According to a study by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information, suicide attempts in India are correlated with physical and psychological intimate partner violence.
Of the Indian women who participated in the study, 7. This correlation is supported by the high rates of domestic violence in India, although the rates differ greatly by region, individual socioeconomic status and other factors. Under Indian law, marital rape is not a crime,   except during the period of marital separation of the partners. Thus, marital rape is not a criminal offense under IPC. An honour killing is the practice wherein an individual is killed by one or more family member s , because he or she is believed to have brought shame on the family.
In almost all the Hindu families the Ritual of taking dowry has caused a serious problem in the society. Some newly married brides suffer domestic violence in the form of harassment, physical abuse or death when she is thought to have not brought enough dowry with marriage.
Some cases end up in suicides by hanging, self-poisoning or by fire. According to Indian National Crime Record Bureau, in , 8, dowry death cases were reported across India,  or dowry issues cause 1. Dowry deaths in India is not limited to any specific religion, and it is found among Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and others.
Furthermore, in many parts of India the Ritual of Tilak Engagement done mostly in Hindu families is used by Groom's Family to Demand a huge sum of money. The Dowry Prohibition Act , prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a dowry, "as consideration for the marriage", where "dowry" is defined as a gift demanded or given as a precondition for a marriage.
Gifts given without a precondition are not considered dowry, and are legal. Asking or giving of dowry can be punished by an imprisonment of up to six months, or a fine. It replaced several pieces of anti-dowry legislation that had been enacted by various Indian states.
The law was made more stringent with Section a of Indian Penal Code enacted in Kimuna et al. Women who lived in cities, had higher household wealth, were Christian and educated had significantly lower risk of physical and sexual domestic violence. According to a study made by Michael Koenig about the determinants of domestic violence in India published by the American Journal of Public Health in , higher socioeconomic status reduced domestic abuse.
Babu et al. Men reported experiencing higher prevalence of all forms of violence, but reported experiencing lowest rates of sexual violence. The perpetrator of domestic violence, physical or sexual or psychological, was typically the husband in majority of cases and in some cases husbands' parents.
Further, low income and low education increased the risks of domestic violence. In — nationwide family and health survey report, the lowest domestic violence prevalence rate was reported by women of Jainism religion There are three main aspects of the patriarchal household structure in India that affect women's agency: marriage, active discrimination by means of abuse marital or extramarital , and diminished women's agency through limited economic opportunity through stifled opportunity for independence.
Domestic violence often happens in India as a result of dowry demands. This practice continues even today in India although banned by law since , and in recent years dowry amounts have risen dramatically. In a study published in World Development, results from a survey pointed to a negative correlation between dowry amount and inter-spousal violence, indicating the potential dangers of a wife falling short on dowry payments or expectations.
In fact, dowry deaths reported in , a steep rise from such reported cases in Earlier there is widespread hesitancy amongst the Indian women who experience domestic violence to report or prosecute against such crimes.
Many women who filed cases under section A of Indian Penal Code provides a platform to women to raise their concerns but end up in revictimizing the victims. Section a introduced to protect women from Domestic Violence. Other factors outside culture that demonstrate differences in domestic violence prevalence and gender disparities in India include socioeconomic class, educational level, and family structure beyond the patriarchal framework.
These stress-related factors within the household include low educational attainment, poverty, young initial age of marriage, having multiple children, and other limiting engendered development factors. Women suffer many types of physical and emotional abuse as a result of illegal actions taken within the private home, and those who have experienced some form of domestic violence tend to have greater long-term mental disorders and drug dependencies than those who do not. Serious health problems often result from physical, emotional, and sexual forms of domestic violence.
Negative public health consequences are also strongly associated with domestic violence. The act of domestic violence towards women is a human rights violation as well as an illegal act under Indian law. It is therefore widely considered a threat to women's agency through any lens, and there is a growing recognition in many Indian regions that the nation can reach a higher potential through obtaining greater social and economic capital than by reducing women's participation in society.
Domestic violence is one of the most significant determinants of this denial. Greater gender equality through greater women's agency cannot be achieved if basic health needs are not being met and if cultural biases that allow for domestic violence in India persist. On 19 March , the Indian Parliament passed a new law with the goal of more effectively protecting women from sexual violence in India. The new law doesn't address marital rape , rape committed by the armed forces or rape against men.
Reformist lawmakers have argued that the higher age of consent could result in abuses and wrongful arrests in statutory rape cases. Additionally, critics point out that there is often a disconnect between law and practice in India. In particular, Section A, the act that criminalizes cruelty against women by husband and his relatives, has been at the center of much controversy. Men's rights activists such as the "Save the family foundation" in India argue that the law is often misused by women.
However, a report on Section A from the Government of India found that the empirical study did not establish any disproportionate misuse of Section A as compared to other criminal laws. More glaringly, the law only offers reliefs to women. Men in India cannot avail of a similar legal remedy to protect themselves from domestic violence from either men or women.
For men, even a simple relief of having a male or female aggressor stay away from them a restraining or protection order is not afforded by the current law. But in this discrimination was removed by supreme court itself. The bench of Justices Kurian Joseph and Rohinton F Nariman ruled on 6 October Thursday that this provision frustrated the objective of the legislation since "perpetrators and abettors of domestic violence" can be women too. The words " adult male " has been struck down from the domestic violence act.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Further information: Rape in India. See also: Bride burning. See also: Dowry law in India and Dowry death. Further information: Women's health in India. Main article: Criminal Law Amendment Act, American Journal of Epidemiology : The Lancet.
National Family and Health Survey. Retrieved 6 April Harrendorf, M. Heiskanen, S. The San Francisco Chronicle. Intimate Partner Violence.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Feb. National Centre for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 16 April The Times of India. Retrieved 28 December The Indian Express. The Telegraph. The result is miscarriage of justice". Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 23 December BBC News.
Dowry murder: The imperial origins of a cultural crime. Oxford University Press.
Domestic violence in same-sex relationships
Physical abuse Torture Child abuse Domestic violence. Police brutality Human experimentation. Severe corporal punishment Adult Protective Services. Domestic violence occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other.
Domestic violence in China involves violence or abuse by intimate partners or family members against one another. Intimate partner violence IPV by the man is the most common type of domestic violence in China: a American Journal of Public Health report found that 1 out of 5 Chinese women had experienced physical violence from their partner in the past year. Domestic violence is legally defined in Article 2 of the Domestic Violence Law of as "physical, psychological or other infractions between family members effected through the use of methods such as beatings, restraints, maiming, restrictions on physical liberty as well as recurrent verbal abuse or intimidation. Historically, Chinese families followed a hierarchical structure in which the husband had authority over most household decisions. This patriarchal ordering has its roots in Confucianism , which establishes codes of conduct for women that typically place her below the husband.
Violence against women VAW , also known as gender-based violence  and sexual and gender-based violence SGBV ,  are violent acts primarily or exclusively committed against women or girls. Such violence is often considered a form of hate crime ,  committed against women or girls specifically because they are female, and can take many forms. VAW has a very long history, though the incidents and intensity of such violence has varied over time and even today varies between societies. Such violence is often seen as a mechanism for the subjugation of women, whether in society in general or in an interpersonal relationship. Such violence may arise from a sense of entitlement , superiority , misogyny or similar attitudes in the perpetrator, or because of his violent nature, especially against women. The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women states, "violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women" and "violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men. Violence against women and girls is a problem of pandemic proportions. At least one out of every three women around the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime with the abuser usually someone known to her. Violence against women can fit into several broad categories. These include violence carried out by individuals as well as states.
Violence against women
Domestic violence against men deals with domestic violence experienced by men in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. As with domestic violence against women , violence against men may constitute a crime , but laws vary between jurisdictions. Men who report domestic violence can face social stigma regarding their perceived lack of machismo and other denigrations of their masculinity. The relative prevalence of IPV against men to that of women is highly disputed between different studies, with some countries having no data at all. Some researchers believe the actual number of male victims may be greater than law enforcement statistics suggest due to the number of men who do not report their abuse.
Amid the COVID pandemic many countries have reported an increase in domestic violence and intimate partner violence. Pandemics, financial insecurity, stress and uncertainty have led to increased aggression at home, which was seen previously with the global financial crisis in and natural disasters such as the Christchurch earthquake , with abusers able to control large amounts of their victims daily life. The Office of Domestic Violence for the Supreme Court of Argentina has seen a fall in domestic violence complaints during the quarantine dropping from 50 a day to 5.
Domestic violence and the workplace
Domestic violence in India includes any form of violence suffered by a person from a biological relative, but typically is the violence suffered by a woman by male members of her family or relatives. The National Crime Records Bureau report of India states a reported crime rate of 46 per ,, rape rate of 2 per ,, dowry homicide rate of 0. There are several domestic violence laws in India.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Billboard about male victims of domestic violence draws attention
Domestic violence is widespread in Russia, much like in many countries of the world. Whilst reliable data is hard to come by, estimates from the early s say that an estimated 14, women die each year in Russia from domestic-violence-related injuries, or about 38 per day. According to Human Rights Watch , as many as 36, women and 26, children faced daily abuse at home in Domestic violence affects one in four Russian families. Alcoholism is often a factor, as Russia is one of the hardest drinking nations of the world with the average male drinking up to 50 bottles of vodka a year as of Preventive work with families has been instituted by police and social services.
Domestic violence in India
The main article for this link directs to 'Domestic violence against men', rather than 'Violence against men'. If no such an article exists, then the redirect should be removed? I've grouped some sources below, according to rough thematic area. Note that not all violence against men is considered to be or studied as gender-based violence - for example, the criminology studies below mostly focus on a gender-analysis of victims, but don't consider such violence to be gender-based violence. As such, random crime against males would not fit the inclusion criteria for this category. Additionally, for example, death of soldiers in war is not considered gender-based violence. Accordingly, I think it should be limited to things the literature considers sexual and gender-based violence, and not go beyond that.
Proportion of women aged 15 to 49 subjected to physical or sexual violence in the past 12 months by an intimate partner. Proportion of women aged 15 to 49 subjected to physical or sexual violence in the past 12 months by persons other than an intimate partner. Proportion of women who consider that wife-beating is justified for reasons such as going out without telling the husband. ScrewTurn Wiki version 3.
Sex differences in crime
Domestic violence or family violence is a form of antisocial behavior and occurs when a family member, partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate or harm the other. The term " intimate partner violence " IPV is often used synonymously, other terms have included " wife beating ", " wife battering ", " husband battering ", " relationship violence ", " domestic abuse ", and spousal abuse with some legal jurisdictions having specific definitions. Recent attention to domestic violence began in the women's movement as concern about wives being beaten by their husbands, and has remained a major focus of modern feminism, particularly in terms of "violence against women".
Physical and sexual violence against women
Sex differences in crime are differences between men and women as the perpetrators or victims of crime. Such studies may belong to fields such as criminology the scientific study of criminal behavior , sociobiology which attempts to demonstrate a causal relationship between biological factors, in this case biological sex and human behaviors , or feminist studies. Despite the difficulty of interpreting them, crime statistics may provide a way to investigate such a relationship from a gender differences perspective.
Violence against men VAM [ citation needed ] consists of violent acts that are disproportionately or exclusively committed against men. Men are overrepresented as both victims   and perpetrators of violence. Studies of social attitudes show violence is perceived as more or less serious depending on the gender of victim and perpetrator. Richard Felson challenges the assumption that violence against women is different from violence against men.
In Australia , domestic violence is defined by the Family Law Act   as "violent, threatening or other behaviour by a person that coerces or controls a member of the person's family, or causes the family member to be fearful". The Act refers to acts of violence that occur between people who have, or have had, an intimate relationship in domestic settings. Domestic violence includes violence between partners of both sexes, including same-sex relationships. However, the term can be altered by each state's legislation and can broaden the spectrum of domestic violence, such as in Victoria, where family-like relationships and witnessing any type of violence in the family is defined as a family violence. To refer to domestic violence, in Australia, states chose to name them differently.